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Fears of terrorism as Uighur IS fighters vow blood will flow in river

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Vowing to plant their flag in China and that blood will “flow in rivers”, a video released this week purportedly by the Islamic State group shows ethnic Uighur fighters training in Iraq, underscoring what Beijing sees as a serious threat, reported Asian Correspondent.

China is worried that Uighurs, a mostly Muslim people from western China’s Xinjiang region, have gone to Syria and Iraq to fight for militant groups there, having travelled illegally via Southeast Asia and Turkey.
Islamic State claimed responsibility for the killing of a Chinese hostage in 2015, highlighting China’s concern about Uighurs it says are fighting in the Middle East.

Hundreds of people have been killed in Xinjiang in the past few years, most in unrest between Uighurs and ethnic majority Han Chinese. The government blames the unrest on Islamist militants.

The Iraqi arm of Islamic State has released a half-hour long video purportedly showing Uighurs training, as well as some images from inside Xinjiang, including Chinese police on the streets.
One shot that shows Chinese President Xi Jinping gives way to flames in front of a Chinese flag.

“Hey, brothers. Today, we are fighting with infidels across the world. I’m telling you this: Don’t be complacent in this. Stay strong,” one of the fighters says, according to Uighur speakers who analysed the video for Reuters but declined to be identified.

“We will certainly plant our flag over America, China, Russia, and all the infidels of the world,” he says.
In another scene, a man chanting in Uighur says: “Our land of sharia has been constructed with spilt blood.”

The video then shows pictures of people who were said to have become “martyrs” and identified as “al-Turkistānī”, or men from Turkestan, the name many Uighurs use for Xinjiang.
One of the men speaking has an accent from Yarkand, close to the old Silk Road city of Kashgar in Xinjiang’s southern Uighur heartland, one of the people who reviewed the video said.

Another fighter refers to the “evil Chinese Communist infidel lackeys”.
“In retaliation for the tears that flow from the eyes of the oppressed, we will make your blood flow in rivers, by the will of God,” he says.

Reuters was not able to independently verify the authenticity of the video.
‘Serious threat’
The video, released this week by the U.S.-based SITE Intelligence Group, which monitors militant groups online, also showed two bloody executions of unidentified people.

Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Geng Shuang said on Wednesday he was not aware of the video and had not seen it.
“But one point is very clear. We oppose any form of terrorism and proactively participate in international cooperation to crack down on terrorism,” Geng told a daily news briefing.
“We have long said that East Turkestan forces are a serious threat to China’s security and we are willing to work with the international community to jointly crack down on East Turkestan separatist and terrorist forces,” he said.

The government says foreign militants have stirred up tensions in Xinjiang, where it says it faces a determined campaign by separatists who want to establish an independent state called East Turkestan.

However, many rights groups and exiles doubt the existence of a coherent militant group in Xinjiang and say Uighur anger at repressive Chinese policies is more to blame for the unrest.
China denies any repression in Xinjiang.

The official China Daily newspaper said in an editorial on Friday that “the video lends further credence to Beijing’s claims, especially the oft-ignored assertions of links between domestic and foreign terrorist elements”.

Rian Thum, a Uighur specialist at Loyola University New Orleans, said the Uighurs in the video where presented in the style of Islamic State propaganda.
“To me, the video says more about Islamic State tactics, propaganda, and ideology than it does about the relationship between Uighurs and the Chinese state,” Thum said.

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There are 23 million Muslims in China. They make up about 1.8 per cent of the population. There are two major Muslim ethnic groups in China: the Huis and the Uighurs, reported Channer News Asia earlier.
The Huis, estimated at around 11 million, can be found throughout China. The ancestors of Hui people are mostly Arabian and Persian traders along the ancient Silk Road. They have been living in China for over 2000 years now.
A lot of intermarriages took place between Han people and Hui people. Many Huis look like the Han Chinese. They also enjoy similar food, with the exception of eating pork.
The Huis have largely assimilated into Han society, having adapted their Islamic practices to fit into the Han macro-culture. Their mosques, a blend of traditional Chinese architecture with Islamic motifs, are the perfect manifestation of this assimilation.

Mandarin is the language of communication amongst most Huis.
Hui leaders told us they enjoy religious freedom. They pray five times a day, their Imams conduct religious lessons, and there has been an increase in the number of Huis going for the Haj.
Hui children attend mainstream schools, but they also attend religious classes. The Hui people never challenge the territorial authority of the Party. Historically, they have also shown little interest in politics. This is in sharp contrast to the Uighur Muslims in Xinjiang.

Xinjiang- the Uighur people speak a Turkic language. Many do not speak Mandarin. There have been little Han-Uighur intermarriage, and little assimilation between Uighur culture and the Chinese macro-culture.
There is a separatist movement in Xinjiang, and some Uighurs believe themselves to be part of a distinct Uighur nation, with its own homeland, history, culture and language.
The Uighurs live in their own neighbourhoods. There has been little mixing between Han and Uighurs, each sticking to their own shopping and residential areas.
In Xinjiang, the Chinese government practices control over sermons preached in mosques. They have shut down some Islamic schools which they deemed to be promoting separatist ideology. Reports have also emerged of restrictions on fasting for students and civil servants.

There are also economic factors at play. Uighurs in Xinjiang earn less than their Hui counterparts in other more developed cities like Xi’an. Unemployment used to be a problem here, but now the Chinese government is investing massively to address the issue.
The Chinese government is building a special economic zone in Kashgar. This is part of China’s New Silk Road plan and it is designed to create more employment opportunities for Uighurs.
The Chinese government has also demolished many Uighur farming villages, and plans to move their residents to high rise blocks.
Following violent attacks and ethnic conflict in recent years, there has been a change in education policies in Xinjiang. Young Uighurs now spend much of their time learning Mandarin, there is also an emphasis on “patriotic education”. President Xi Jinping emphasises this policy as a way to fight what he calls terrorism. Last year he described better education as “essential” to the region’s long-term stability. Some older Uighurs view such education as an erosion of their culture.

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